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Birds of Pakistan

Pakistan   |   Observations >

NICHE aims to involve the general public in Pakistan in acquiring knowledge about birds. We are working with Observation International ( to achieve this. In particular with Hans Verdaat, who is supporting the mission from OI's Global Team.

M. Akram Awan and Marium Majeed Dar are the local representatives. The Dutch contact person for the Pakistan projects is Julian Overweg.

Rufous vented Grass Babbler Laticilla burnesii

Photographer: Muhammad Ali Rajpoot

Pakistani specialties

Rufous-vented Grass Babbler
Laticilla burnesii

Photographer: Muhammad Ali Rajpoot.

Location: D.I.Khan district, KPK province.

Description: Much of its range lies within Pakistan limits. Found in Indus river systems and its tributaries in Punjab, KPK and Sindh provinces in tall grassy riparian habitat. Extends into Jammu division (Chenab river) and Punjab and Haryana states of India. Recently a subspecies was described from Nepal.

Photographer: Chaudhary Umer.

Location: Neelum district, Azad Kashmir, Pakistan.

Description:  It breeding endemic range is from Chitral to Kashmir region of both sides of LOC. It winters in South India and Sri Lanka, and is known to pass through Sindh (a record from Haleji lake).

Kashmir fly catcher
Ficedula subrubra

White-cheeked Tit
Aegithalos leucogenys

Photographer: Salman Baloch.

Location: Quettta district, Balochistan province.

Description:  A restricted range species. Found only in 3 countries, Afghanistan, Pakistan and India. Found from Nuristan to Safed Koh in Afghanistan and from Chitral and GB (Diamer district) to Kurram district in Pakistan. Also found in Northern Balochistan (Quetta, Ziarat), Kashmir, Kaghan, Murree and Margalla hills. Descends to lower (Punjab Saltrange) in winter. Less frequent in Indian side of Kashmir.

Since Woodpecker
Dendrocopos assimilis

Photographer:Muhammad Ali Rajpoot.

Location: D.I.Khan district, KPK province.

Description:  The Sind Woodpecker is only found in Iran (Hormozgan to Sistan and Baluchestan Province) Pakistan (all provinces and southern Azad Kashmir) and barely enters the Indian state of Punjab. It is widely distributed in the Indus plains, Himalayan foothills, Saltrange, Kurram and D.I.Khan district of KPK, Zhob, Chaman and Kalat districs of Balochistan south to Hingol national park and east to Kirthar range in Sindh province.

Spectacled Finch
Callacanthis burtoni

Photographer:Muhammad Babar.

Location: Kaghan Valley, KPK Province.

Description:  Distributed in hilly forests of Pakistan and adjacent Afghanistan to Nepal and Sikkim. In 2009 it was first time recorded in Bhutan. In Pakistan, it is found from Chitral, Swat Kohistan, Kaghan and Neelum vallies. It is also known to occur in Safed Koh range.

Jerdon's babbler
Chrysomma altirostre

Photographer: Syed Ali Hasaan.

Location: Muzaffargarh, Punjab province.

Description: A rare bird, its status in IUNC red list is given as 'Vulnerable'. subspecies scindicum is endemic to Indus plains of Pakistan and it only enters Indian Punjab in Harike wetland. In Pakistan it is found in D.I.Khan (KPK Province), Mianwali, Muzzafargarh, D.G. Khan,  Hafizabad (Punjab Province) Sanghar, Tharparkar (East Nara canal), Shikarpur, Sukkur, Larkana, Nawabshah and Dadu districts (Sindh Province).

There are two more subspecies, one in Terai region of Nepal, Bhutan duar, Assam, West Bengal to Bangladesh and Northeast India and the other in Myanmar.

Orange Bullfinch
Pyrrhula aurantiaca



Description:  This beautiful finch is endemic to Western Himalayas and found only in India and Pakistan in temperate forests. In Pakistan it breeds from Chitral and parts of Gilgit-Baltistan to Neelum and Kaghan vallies at around 3000 meters altitude. It descends to Murree, Kahuta and Margalla hills.

Source: Postal stamp of Pakistan Post.

Description:This rare pheasant is endemic to Western Himalayas. Occurs from KPK province of Pakistan to Uttarakhand state of India. In Pakistan it is known to be found upto 3400 meters altitude from Kohistan to Kaghan and Neelum in subalpine forests and temperate vallies. Its status is Vulnerable in IUNC red list.

Western Tragopan
Tragopan melanocephalus


Photographer: Akram Awan.

Location: Khushab district, Punjab Saltrange.

Description:  Endemic to Northwestern and central parts of the Indian sub continent, it probably also occurs in Afghanistan. It is met with in dry subtropical thorn-scrub habitat. In Pakistan it is found from Himlayan foothills (Margallas) to Peshawar, Bannu (KPK Province), Potohar, Punjab Saltrange, Indus plains upto Sindh province, extending into Sibi and Hub districts of Balochistan province.

Rufous-fronted Prinia
Prinia buchanani

Black-capped Kingfisher
Halcyon pileata

Photographer:Syed Ali Hassan.

Location:Muzaffargarh district (Punjab province).

Description:Widespread in South Asia, China, Korea and Southeast Asia. Extremely rare visitor to Pakistan with only 2 records so far. First in 1998 from Hub River (Sindh-Balochistan border) and the 2nd one in 2019 from Indus river at Muzaffargarh (Punjab province). Its status in IUNC list is Least concerned but its population has declined rapidly during the 21st century (estimated decline is 85 to 95% in India, Hong Kong and Korea) due to irrigation and flood management projects resulting in degradation of its foraging and nesting habitats .

Photographer:Muhammad Ali Rajpoot.

Location:​D.I.Khan (KPK Province).

Description:Sind Sparrow (Passerpyrrhonotus) or Jungle Sparrow has its center of distribution in the Indus and its tributary rivers. It is also found rarely in Iran (Bahourkalat near Pakistan border), Afghanistan (Kabul river valley) and India (spread into Punjab, Haryana, Dehli, UP, Rajhastan and Gujarat states). Associated with along riverine tracts and major irrigation canals.

Since Sparrow
Passer pyrrhonotus

Brown-breasted Flycatcher
Muscicapa muttui

Photographer:Zafeer Ahmed Sheikh.

Location:Karachi, Sindh province.

Description:Description: Also known as Layard's Flycatcher, this passerine migrates to Southern India and Sri Lanka in winter. The first report of its occurrence in Pakistan was from Karachi (Sindh province) in winter of 2018-2019 and it has not, so far, been found elsewhere in Pakistan. It appears to have become a regular winter visitor rather than a straggler to Karachi and is known to stay there from January to April. Its breeding grounds are central and southern China, northeast India and southeast Asia (Burma and Thailand).


Tytler's Leaf Warbler

Phylloscopus tytleri

Photographer:Muhammad Babar.

Location:Astor (Rama forest), Gilgit-Baltistan.

Description:Breeds in coniferous forests at 3000 meters altitude in Afghanistan, Pakistan, in Gilgit-Baltistan, Chitral, Kaghan valley (KPK Province), Kashmir and India (Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand states). Winters in Western Ghats of India. It is also known to pass through Punjab province and Nepal during migration.

Involved parties

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